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Are viruses Uni Cellular Or Multicellular?

They are actually none! Whoooooaaaaaa!

Viruses are actually dead and they are referred to as Acellular. They are none of the above. Crazy stuff eh! How do they infect us if they are dead though?


And here’s a random slide:




Posted in immunology


TLRs which is short for Toll Like Receptors, function in recognizing a large variety of different ligands found on pathogens. There are ten human TLRs and each one recognizes a specific type of pathogen. For example TLR9 recognizes unmethylated CpG-rich DNA in the endosomes. TLR8 and TLR7 recognizes single stranded viral RNAs in the endosomes. TLR5 on the other hand is found on the plasma membrane and recognizes the Flagellin of bacteria.

TLRs were first discovered in a mutated Drosophilla. It was found that the TLR in the Drosophilla were able to recognized fungal pathogens. This led to the further understanding and research of other TLRs.


Posted in Uncategorized

New camera Good deal or?

And now it’s time for some distraction!

camera 178

Is this camera any good? Should I get it? What shall I do with it? Will I be able to make Hollywood movies with this camera and make millions of $$$ in the future?

Who knows! Tune in next time to see what will happen!


Posted in Uncategorized

Inflammatory response

What exactly is an inflammatory response?

It seems really obvious as to what it is but how does one explain what actually occurs during an inflammatory response?

An inflammatory response include redness, swelling, heat, and pain. This is a response to get rid of an invading pathogen. The mast cells and macrophages work together to cause swelling by releasing mediators that cause dilation of capillaries and an influx of fluid towards the infected area.

Although inflammatory response is good for getting rid of pathogens, it can also lead to the loss of function in some areas. This is a big disadvantage because one can be even more injured in the process.

And here is a power point slide showing what an acute inflammatory response is:

inflammatory response


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Anatomical barriers

What are anatomical barriers?

I believe that anatomical barriers include the skin and everything else that covers the body and prevents pathogens from entering the body to cause harm.

There are 3 categories of anatomical barriers: Structural, mechanical, and microbiological barriers. These barriers all work together to prevent pathogens causing infections.


And here is a picture of a nude chick!

anatomical barriers

Posted in Uncategorized


Well Howdy!

You folks ain’t from around here I reckon?

Well let me tell you what the hip is all about on mah page.

I’m using this page to post things that I find interesting about the immune system. And I also want to learn how to make lots of money from blogging. Not sure how that works but here goes nothing! wooohooo! Yeehaw, yippi kayaya.